Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principles related to the professional practice of engineering. It includes the initial education (Bachelor and or Masters degrees) for becoming an engineer and any advanced education and specializations that follow. Engineering education is typically accompanied by additional post graduate examinations and supervised training as the requirements for a professional engineering license. The length of education and training to qualify as a basic professional engineer is typically 8-12 years with 15–20 years for to take responsibility for major projects.
Engineering has many branches Aerospace engineering, Biomedical engineering, Mechanical engineering , Civil engineering, Computer engineering, Software engineering, Computer-aided engineering (CAE), Cryptographic Engineering, Telecommunications traffic engineering, Biomolecular engineering, Materials engineering, Molecular engineering, Process engineering, Corrosion engineering, Environmental engineering, Geotechnical engineering, Structural engineering, Mining engineering, Transport engineering, Water resources engineering, Electronic engineering, Optical engineering, Power engineering, Manufacturing engineering, Thermal engineering, Vehicle engineering, Power plant engineering, Energy Engineering, Agricultural engineering, Railway engineering, Mechatronics engineering, Military engineering, Nano engineering, Nuclear engineering, Petroleum engineering and Textile engineering.
Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and the commercial applications that meet societal and consumer needs.
Many engineers create new products. During the process, they consider several factors. For example, in developing an industrial robot, engineers specify the functional requirements precisely, design and test the robot’s components, integrate the components to produce the final design, and evaluate the design’s overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, and safety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals, computers, power plants, helicopters, even a toy.
In addition to their involvement in design and development, many engineers work in testing, production or maintenance. These engineers supervise production in factories, determine the causes of a component’s failure and test manufactured products to maintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost required to complete projects. Supervisory engineers are responsible for major components or the entire projects.